International Genetically Engineered Machine

iGEM Foundation

The International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) Foundation is an independent, non-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of synthetic biology, education and competition, and the development of an open community and collaboration.

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iGEM’s main program is the iGEM Competition, an annual, world wide synthetic biology event aimed at undergraduate university students, as well as high school and graduate students. The iGEM Competition gives students the opportunity to push the boundaries of synthetic biology by tackling everyday issues facing the world. Multidisciplinary teams work together to design, build, test, and measure a system of their own design using interchangeable biological parts and standard molecular biology techniques. iGEM teams work inside and outside the lab, creating sophisticated projects that strive to create a positive contribution to their communities and the world. Every year nearly 6,000 people dedicate their summer to iGEM and then come together in the fall to present their work and compete at the annual Giant Jamboree.

Example Projects

What iGEM teams achieve in less than a year is incredible. The following examples demonstrate the hard work and true potential of teams.

2021 Undergraduate Grand Prize Winner

Toulouse INSA-UPS

Team Website | Presentation | Parts

Perfumes influence perception in our daily life, but behind flowers and chic clichés, perfume reality is not so glamorous. Many are derived through unsustainable processes, especially scents impossible to extract from “mute flowers” like the violet. This team from INSA Toulouse and Paul Sabatier University engineered "Elixio", a synthetic microbial consortium for the sustainable extraction of violet fragrances, garnering attention from the industry, and taking home the iGEM 2021 Undergraduate Grand Prize.

2021 Overgraduate Grand Prize Winner


Team Website | Presentation | Parts

Climate change is threatening many of the crops we rely on. To ensure stable food supply, engineered crops will play a major role in our future agriculture, but crop development by nature is slow, taking up to a decade. This team from Philipps Universität Marburg earned the 2021 Overgraduate Grand Prize with "OpenPlast", a chloroplast-based cell free system that would enable faster prototyping for plant Synthetic Biology.

2021 High School Grand Prize Winner


Team Website | Presentation | Parts

The booming of the fashion industry has led to rising demand for leather. However, current industrial leather production causes environmental and ethical problems such as water pollution and animal cruelty. LINKS China took home the iGEM 2021 High School Grand Prize with their humane, environmentally-friendly leather substitute, engineered from kombucha, spider-silk and natural dyes.

iGEM Around the World

iGEM is a truly international event with teams coming from all over the world. The United States, Canada, Chile, Pakistan, Japan, South Korea, Egypt, Bulgaria, Mexico, Brazil, Germany, France, and Australia are only some of the countries that have participated in iGEM.
The map below shows all the teams that have participated since 2004. You can also see the complete list of 2021 teams here.


Teams will have to meet various deadlines and requirements throughout the season. You can see this year's calendar on our 2021 calendar page.

Timelines are different for every project; however, in general teams begin to organize between December and January. They need to get faculty approval, recruit members, fundraise, and brainstorm project ideas. Between the start of February and the end of March, the teams will register (which includes paying the registration fee, providing a resource description, and providing contact information so teams can receive important emails from iGEM HQ and their DNA Distribution Kits) and, once they are approved by iGEM Headquarters, they will receive their DNA Distribution Kit sometime in April.

Once the kits arrive, work in the lab will take place between May - August. During these months, teams will get together in regional meetup events, work outside the lab doing community outreach activities, and will document their efforts in their wikis. At the end of the summer, the Giant Jamboree will bring all of the teams together to share and celebrate their hard work.

Team Composition

Many disciplines come together in iGEM. The competition might seem exclusive to biology or engineering disciplines, but teams will often have students from very diverse fields to complement the project.
A few examples are: computer science, art and design, physics, marketing, law, mathematics and social sciences.
Teams are also required to have two academic instructors in order to participate. This requirement helps ensure that teams have enough mentorship support throughout the competition. They are also encouraged to look for more advisors and mentors that can help the team succeed with their project. This often includes graduate students and other professors from their university who have experience with one (or more) aspect of their project.

Skills developed and put into practice in iGEM

  • Project planning and administration
  • Resource and team management
  • Fundraising
  • Team work
  • Problem based knowledge
  • International networking
  • Entrepreneurial thinking
  • Collaboration
  • Responsible science and engineering
  • Safe lab work and project design
  • Presentation skills
  • Scientific communication

iGEM Tracks

The purpose of the iGEM tracks is to help students focus their research projects. The subjects areas encompassed by the tracks aim to solve crucial global challenges; for examples, students have worked on projects related to environmental bioremediation, new medical delivery systems, and alternative energy sources using synthetic biology.


Safety in iGEM is more than just maintaining standard lab practices and avoiding high risk organisms. iGEM teams follow a high standard of safe and responsible biological engineering. They are responsible for living up to the trust placed in them to design, build, and share biological devices safely. Teams must think carefully about the impact of their project, who will use it, who will benefit from it, and how will they safely dispose of it. While teams are responsible of complying to the safety rules of their labs and the biosafety standards of their countries, the iGEM Safety Program helps them by providing guidelines and offering resources and advice.

Human Practices

Teams are encouraged to go beyond the bench. iGEM teams incorporate ethics, sustainability, social justice and education to their projects by reaching out to their communities, performing risk assessment and proposing new laws and regulations. Successful projects consider how to contribute to the world surrounding them.

Medals, Awards, and Prizes

At the Giant Jamboree, iGEM teams compete for various awards, including Medals and Special Prizes. During the Awards Ceremony, the Undergraduate, Overgraduate, and High School teams present their projects again to the entire iGEM community to compete for the Grand Prize. All of the medals, awards, and prizes are announced during an Awards Ceremony, which is the culmination of the Giant Jamboree.

The iGEM Registry

iGEM runs the Registry of Standard Biological Parts, which houses a growing collection of genetic parts that can be mixed and matched to build synthetic biology devices and systems. During the competition, iGEM teams have access to parts, samples, data, and tools to work on their synthetic biology projects. One of the expectations for participating iGEM teams is that they will submit any new biological parts they created to the Registry in order to help the Registry grow. Teams are also encouraged through the medal system to characterize their new parts along with existing parts from the Registry and submit that data to the Registry in order to help future teams use those parts.


The Jamboree is an annual event that showcases work from the iGEM season. All participating iGEM teams are invited to present their synthetic biology projects and compete for prizes. This event is a celebration of synthetic biology accomplishments, featuring presentations, poster sessions, workshops and social events.

Join us at the 2022 Grand Jamboree!

October 20 - 23, 2022
Paris Expo - Porte de Versailles

Participate in iGEM

Want to learn more about the iGEM Competition?

Visit the iGEM 2022 Competition Website for more details about this year's competition. More information is coming soon.

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